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FOR THE UPCOMING CS EXAMINATIONS

USEFUL GUIDLINES FOR EXAM WRITING

Writing the exam is not an easy task. It is quite easy to write an answer of a question at leisure time but it is quite challenging to write an exam. These are the useful guidelines which may help you in completing your examination in the given time :

1. Answer all parts of all questions It is always advisable that you attempt all questions and avoid leaving any question. As the question paper consists of various questions and different-2 marks allotted to you so out of 5, answering 3 questions exactly and leaving two questions may not be a correct approach. One should try to cover all 5 questions so as to provide the examiner a room to give you marks. If you have not enough time remained to answer all remaining question, you may give bullet points for your answer..

2. Don’t leave the examination hall before the end Generally students have a tendency to leave the exam room as soon as the question paper is finished. Many of the time they do not review the answers even the ample time is available with them. It is always advisable that students should make time management in answering the questions and spare some time for review. They should leave the examination hall after they satisfied that answer written by them meets the expectation of examiner

3. Time allocation
Time management is very important aspect of examination. Examinee should read the question paper carefully and then
plan for his answer. The basic rule is that you should allocate equal time to each question, leaving 10-15 minutes at the end of the examination to read through your paper. If, however, you realise that you do not know enough to use all the time originally allocated to your last answer, whereas you could write in excess of your allocated time for your first answer, then deduct about 5 minutes from the time reserved for the last answer and add it to answer

4. Order of answering questions
Read through the whole paper and make a list of questions which you can definitely answer. Do not write mark or write anything on your question paper. There is a basic rule that first impression is the last impression so start answering the question about which you are confident enough.

5. Argue from the Facts
This is the most important rule. Paper setter spend lots of time placing key facts into the exam problem - make sure you
incorporate them into your answer! Make sure there is an application of facts in any answer you write.

6. Answer the Call of the Question
If the question asks you to be a judge - answer the question as a judge would - more objectively examining both sides of the argument and coming to a decision consistent with the law that you learned in that class. If you are asked to be a lawyer, your conclusions should be in the form of advice. If the question is a policy type question, you need to (generally) factor in economics, social, practical, equitable consequences of any legal course of action.

7. Say "Because"
The use of "because" will insure that you explain the rules and relevant issues. it's the "because" that demonstrates to them that you understand the concept and can explain why that rule or concept applies under this set of circumstances.

8. Watch Your Time
The best answer on question #1 doesn't make up for the last question that you didn't answer. Even if you got all the points for the first question (and second and third), it takes a lot to make up zero points on the last issue. Just remember that whether the allotted time is reasonable or not - you must answer each essay question. So, note the exact time that you need to begin a new question - and do it!

9. Don’s get struck. Move on
If you get stuck on a question, move on. Start doing another one. Staring at a question you don’t know how to answer is
a waste of time, and you’d be amazed how often, when coming back to a question after half-an-hour, it suddenly becomes clear.

10. Look at the marking schemes
While answering any question, please ensure that you keep the marks allotted to the question into your considering. Rationalize you answer with respect to the marks allotted to a particular question. Writing 2 pages for a 3 marks question may never be justified

11. If you're running out of time
Suppose you've got time left to do one question, but two questions left to do. Which one do you choose? The way to maximise your marks is to do the first half of both of them. You gain marks faster at the start of a question than at the end. If you don't have time to write sentences, but you do know what to do, then just write bullet points. If you don't have time to do the calculations, write and explain what calculations you would do. You can get marks for method.

USE OF CASE LAWS
Names, dates and facts of cases : Perhaps the most frequent question a law student is asked is the importance of including names, dates and facts of cases in an answer.

(a) Facts without names : If you cannot remember the name of a case, but you can recall the facts, then include the facts in your answer, but introduce them in some other way, e.g. “In a recent case…” It is far better to do this to omit the case.

(b) Names without facts : Where a principle of law if derived from a case it is acceptable for the case name alone to follow the principle. Some case names must, however, he supported by facts otherwise the answer will not be “balanced”.

(c) Dates : Dates are comparatively less important than names. It is not worth specially remembering dates, but if you do
remember the date then include it in the answer.

(d) Choice of cases : Sometimes a number of cases are equally good illustrations of a legal principle. In this situation choose the case which can be described most concisely.

USE OF JARGON
Avoid use of unnecessary “jargon”. Do not, for example, start your final paragraph “After taking all the relevant law into consideration it is submitted that…”

USE OF LATIN PHRASES
If you wish to say for example “The contract is ultra vires X Ltd.” don’t assume that the examiner knows that your know what ultra vires means. You should, therefore, add, perhaps in brackets – “beyond the powers of”.

MISCELLANEOUS POINTS
a. Never use slang, or attempt to introduce humour into your answer. Avoid the use of “I”, “we”, and “us”. When asked in a question to “Advise X” do not write “You will fail in your claim”, write “X” will fail in his claim".

b. If you wish to cross-out anything that you have written, use a single line drawn with a ruler. If you wish to reinstate words which you have previously crossed-out then draw a line of dots under the words deleted and write “stet” in the margin this means “let it stand”.

c. Although everyone has his own style of writing yet it is always preferable to aim at simplicity and precision. Never use a long sentence when a shorter one will do. An examiner does not require the numbers of the sections of the Act to be stated but a student who can do this accurately improves the general tone of his paper. Very often the expression “The Act provides” can prove useful where memory fails. The names of cases, wherever possible, should be cited, but a student should never invent a case. If you know that there is a decided case on a particular point, but cannot remember its name, you should simply state “In a decided case it was held that...”

d. The indirect questions ask for specific knowledge, usually by means of a citation from a judgement, report or textbook.
Such questions normally require comments, elucidation, amplification or examination of the truth or otherwise of the statement. Students usually dislike this type of question. But a moment’s reflection should restore confidence; you should ignore the unnecessary words and locate the central idea. This type of question should also be attempted, because it is easier than it looks.

PRACTICAL TIPS TO ATTEND THEORETICAL AND NUMERICAL QUESTIONS
Important points which student may keep into consideration while answering Practical Questions

a. Always leave left hand page for showing workings, assumptions and notes. Workings are a must for the answer to be valid and should be fairly elaborate. Present them parallel to the question concerned. Use last page of the booklet for rough work.

b. State necessary assumptions and notes wherever possible rather than wherever you feel essential. It is not a serious error if you write some extra assumptions, than miss some important ones.

c. Provide Total columns where applicable, similarly state narrations to journal entries in the case of accountancy.

d. Avoid overwriting. Where they become inevitable, strike off and write again. Clarity is more important than neatness.

e. Wherever possible, check your answers with control figures to ensure accuracy of your solutions.

f. Apply the rule of rounding off correctly for decimals. The rule is, a digit followed by a figure starting with five and above should be rounded off to the next higher digit.

Important points which student may keep into consideration while
answering theory Questions

a. Answer to the point and be brief. Valuator do not have ample time to read your answer paper thoroughly. They will abundantly make use of scanning technique.

b. Present your points as a list wherever possible. This will increase the chances of the point being read by the valuator. Number the points numerically instead of alphabetically.

c. Questions that use words such as describe and discuss require longer narrative answers. Present such answers in paragraphs with appropriate headings.

d. Present examples and illustrations frequently.

e. Tabulate the comparative points (in a columnar fashion), when you answer questions asking for comparison of alternatives, techniques, opinions, etc.

f. Avoid writing long and descriptive answers that take up yours as well as valuator time. They test the patience of the valuator and it is risky to do so.

g. When you forget some points when writing the examination, leave some space and start a new answer. You can return later and complete the previous answer when you recollect the points.

h. In the case of law, if you are sure of the case laws and sections, provide these in the answer sheet. But in case of ambiguity, you may avoid, as a wrong quote is likely to have penalty. The same is true in the case of statistics for economics subject.

Professional Program students are expected to give practical examples, application areas and good criticism of the subject matter (in applicable topics).

ADVISE FOR STUDY AND EXAMINATION

1. Topics Oriented Study
Learning should be topic oriented and not question oriented. This is one of the most common mistakes done during studies.

2. Too Much Cramming
Our brains can often only retain 10% to 20% of the information that we read. So, instead of trying to memorize, you should concentrate on understanding what is written in those pages. You should be able to explain them in your own words!

3. Anxiety Before Or During A Paper
If you experience anxiety and panic, you can never give your best. One of the worst things that you can do before and during a test or exam is to lose confidence. Once you panic, your mind is in frenzy and your performance will not be up to the mark.

4. Report to Examination Hall on Time
Late comers may sometimes be barred from sitting for the paper. Even if you do get to sit for the paper, much precious time would have been lost. On top of that, your mind would still be reeling from the rush.

5. Scan Through The Questions Once
Always scan through a paper before you begin writing. Give yourself about 2 to 5 minutes to read through all the questions. Check every page of the paper to make sure that you do not miss any question.

6. Allocate Time For Each Question
Some questions deserve more time than others. Always devote your time to each question based on the marks allocated to it. A question carrying 10 marks should be given more time than a question carrying 3 marks. And remember to bring along a watch or clock to time yourself.

7. Start With The Thoroughly Prepared Question
Always start with the easy questions. It makes you feel good about the paper and boosts your confidence. Attempting a tough question is a bad start to a paper. Your mind gets stumbled at the very beginning of the paper. You rack your brains trying to come out with the answers for that agonizing question. You begin to feel exasperated. Your mind loses its
calm.

8. Plan the Answers
Proper planning ensures that you have considered all the major aspects of the question before you start to write your answer. It would save you much time later when you write the answer. A carefully planned answer would also get more marks than an unplanned or poorly planned answer. 

9. Thoroughly Read before Writing Answer
Misinterpreting a question can cost you dearly in a test or examination. This is especially if the question is worth 10 or 20 marks out of 100. You would be spending precious time producing an incorrect answer. The only way to avoid mistake i.e. of misinterpreting question is to read through the question at least twice.

10. Write a coherent Answer
One of the worst things you can do to put off the teacher or examiner marking your paper is to write incoherently (Confusing). That is, your thoughts and ideas are badly expressed and very difficult for the marker to understand. In short, your writing does not make sense. The only way to make sure that you do not write incoherently in a test or exam paper is to practice writing answers more often.

11. Writing llegibly
Illegible handwriting is a common mistake done during examination and is a cause of low examination scores for many students. Terrible handwriting makes reading extremely tough and slow for the marker. It can even put off the marker. Some markers give up beyond a certain point and skip parts of the writing. This means that your answers may not be completely read and graded accordingly. You lose precious marks.

12. Check The Answers
Always strive to complete a paper at least 10 to 15 minutes ahead of time. Then make use of this spare time to check through your paper at least once. You may be pleasantly surprised that you can spot an error or two in your answers, and that you have the time needed to make the required corrections. In this way you can learn to avoid last minute mistakes made by you.

13. Bring Along Required Stationery etc.
List down all the required stationary and items that you will need for all your papers. On the day of a paper, look through this list and get the required stationary and items ready before you leave your house. Where possible, bring along at least two of each item and stationary you need, in case the first one malfunctions suddenly.

                                                                                                         Do Your Best.....................

                                                                                                         Source : CS Institute ( Guide to CS Student )

 

 

 

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